Founded by the Corinthians, the name Siracusa derives from the nearby marshland, "Sykara". Over the centuries, Siracusa has been conquered by the Romans, the Byzantines, the Goti, the Arabs, the Normany, the Genovesi, the Svevi and the Aragons.
This vibrant history has left it with a wealth of monuments, the most important of which can be found in the Archeological park of the Neapolis. Here one finds the Greek Theatre, the Roman Amphitheatre, the Latomia del Paradiso, the Grotta dei Cordari, the Ara di Lerone, Porta Urbica, Apollo's Temple, the Cathedral and Athena's Temple, Zeus's Temple, the Gymnasium, the Catacombs, the Paolo Orsi Museum and Eurialo Castle.
Whilst at Siracusa visitors should not miss the opportunity to see the Regional Gallery of Palazzo Bellomo, the Museum of the Papiro and the Cinema Museum. The principal economic activities of Siracusa, despite the increase in modern industrial activity, are still those based on agriculture, cattle farming and fishing. Among the gastronomic delights the tuna fish, purpetti di tonno da Zà Cicca really must be tasted.
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